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Menjadi sehat adalah pilihan, namun terkadang seseorang tidak dapat memilih bilamana ia ditimpa penyakit. Vivian, gadis belia asal Jawa Barat ini menderita penyakit yang cukup langka, yaitu chronic myeloid leukemia. Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) adalah salah satu bentuk dari leukemia yang ditandai dengan meningkatnya dan pertumbuhan yang tidak teratur dari sel myeloid di dalam sum-sum tulang dan terakumulasi juga di dalam darah. Vivian harus menjalani kemoterapi untuk penyakitnya tersebut. Setelah selesai kemoterapi, derita yang dialami Vivian tidak langsung berakhir. Ia mengalami gangguan mobilisasi, muscle weakness dan deconditioning akibat CML yang dideritanya itu. Muscle weakness (lemah otot) adalah ketidakmampuan otot untuk berfungsi normal dan hal ini relatif terhadap kondisi normal kemampuan otot seseorang. Adapun deconditioning adalah proses perubahan fisiologis yang kompleks setelah periode tidak aktif, istirahat di tempat tidur (bedrest) atau gaya hidup tidak aktif. Hal ini menyebabkan kerugian fungsional pada aspek-aspek tertentu seperti status mental, tingkat kontinensia dan kemampuan untuk mencapai aktivitas kehidupan sehari-hari.

Kondisi yang dialami Vivian tersebut disebabkan oleh pengobatan yang ia jalani yang mengharuskan ia berada di tempat tidur dalam waktu yang cukup lama. Mobilisasinya mengalami gangguan, pola jalannya tidak normal dan kaki kanannya tidak menapak sempurna. Hal itu menjadi penghalang bagi Vivian untuk beraktivitas sehari-hari. Dokter menyarankan agar ia menggunakan alat medis berupa sepatu modifikasi eksternal agar mobilisasinya dapat membaik. Harga alat medis tersebut mencapai jutaan rupiah dan tidak ditanggung oleh asuransi manapun. Ayah Vivian adalah seorang buruh dengan penghasilan Rp 900.000 dan ibunya tidak bekerja. Mereka berharap Vivian dapat kembali normal seperti semula dan mencapai cita-citanya. 

Mari bantu Vivian kembali pulih!




Deconditioning is a complex process of physiological change following a period of inactivity, bedrest or sedentary lifestyle. It results in functional losses in such areas as mental status, degree of continence and ability to accomplish activities of daily living. It is frequently associated with hospitalization in the elderly. The most predictable effects of deconditioning are seen in the musculoskeletal system and include diminished muscle mass, decreases of muscle strength by two to five percent per day, muscle shortening, changes in periarticular and cartilaginous joint structure and marked loss of leg strength that seriously limit mobility. The decline in muscle mass and strength has been linked to falls, functional decline, increased frailty and immobility. The authors describe a three-pronged strategy to combat deconditioning that includes a model of care appropriate to the growing population of elderly clients, the creation of an "elder-friendly" hospital environment and an exercise program.


Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), also known as chronic myeloid leukemia, is a myeloproliferative disorder characterized by increased proliferation of the granulocytic cell line without the loss of their capacity to differentiate. It accounts for 20% of all leukemias affecting adults. 

Signs and symptoms

  • The clinical manifestations of CML are insidious, changing somewhat as the disease progresses through its 3 phases (chronic, accelerated, and blast). 
  • Signs and symptoms in the chronic phase are as follows:
  • Fatigue, weight loss, loss of energy, decreased exercise tolerance
  • Low-grade fever and excessive sweating from hypermetabolism
  • Elevated white blood cell (WBC) count or splenomegaly on routine assessment
  • Early satiety and decreased food intake from encroachment on stomach by enlarged spleen
  • Left upper quadrant abdominal pain from spleen infarction
  • Hepatomegaly

The following are signs and symptoms of progressive disease:

  • Bleeding, petechiae, and ecchymoses during the acute phase
  • Bone pain and fever in the blast phase
  • Increasing anemia, thrombocytopenia, basophilia, and a rapidly enlarging spleen in blast crisis


Uncharacteristic muscle weakness or inability of the muscles to perform normally, relative to that person’s normal ability.  The symptom will usually be identified when a person is performing exercise or some muscular activity, such as climbing stairs, or carrying goods.  It is however distinct from the weakness (or tiredness) that many will feel when run-down and fatigued as a result of normal activities

Possible causes

It must be recognised that true weakness is different from that experienced by people as a result of fatigue, but normal daily activities.  In the case of muscle weakness as a symptom of a disease or condition, there is usually a measurable loss of muscle strength, and possibly a reduction in muscle tone as the muscle begins to waste away.  There are however literally thousands of possible causes for muscle weakness, making diagnosis very difficult.

Because muscle contraction requires a signal from the brain, down the spinal cord, to the muscle, the cause of true weakness may lie anywhere along this chain.  It may thus be metabolic, neurological, toxic or directly muscular.

Some of the more common causes include strokes, brain problems such as tumours, degenerative problems such as multiple sclerosis, and muscular problems such as muscular dystrophies and polymyositis.  A variety of other diseases can cause weakness, including diabetes, Cushing’s syndrome (excess cortisol), Lupus and Guillain-Barré syndrome, to name a few of the thousands of possibilities.


Dependent entirely on the cause of the condition, which must be ascertained first.  For this reason, a diagnosis and the resultant recommended treatment are crucial, which is why muscle weakness that is persistent and unexplained should be treated in consultation with a doctor.

When to see a doctor

A doctor should be seen as soon as muscle weakness becomes a recurring or persistent problem.  If the weakness cannot be explained (as with exercise or a strenuous period of work, for example), and occurs suddenly, then a doctor’s diagnosis should be sought.  Similarly, if muscle weakness is one of many symptoms, a doctor should be seen for treatment of the actual underlying cause of the problem.

What to expect at the doctor

Typically, doctors will perform a detailed patient history to ascertain a full medical picture of the condition.  This includes a time pattern of the symptoms (time-frames, medical history, activity history), quality of the weakness (constant or variable, impact of weakness on daily activity and normal function), location, aggravating factors, and any other relieving symptoms.

The doctor will typically then seek further tests, usually of the blood, to eliminate possible causes.  In some cases, where a neurological cause is possible, MRI or CT scans may be performed, as well as specialised metabolic tests (thyroid, muscle biopsies and so forth).


Again, the treatment is dependent on the diagnosis and varies widely.  For neurological problems, physical therapy may be required, whereas for a metabolic problem, medication may be required.





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